Co-Design from Architectural, Social and Computational Perspectives

Research Project 10-2 (RP 10-2)

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Our project aims to develop methods and tools for integrative design reviews based on architectural, regulative and socio-cultural decision-making criteria at the level of existing urban blocks. The challenge is to explore for, and with, future decision-makers and stakeholders the potential of multi-facetted co-design enabled by integrative computational design and construction of timber buildings, with a focus on visualisation approaches that broaden the (adaptive) design space. Research has shown that decision-making in the early design phase rarely considers a broader range of criteria and stakeholder concerns beyond geometric, technical and regulative criteria. Thus, current design approaches point to exploring novel visual representations of design criteria and early designs that can facilitate communication and decision-making with a broader audience. We will study and broaden the opportunities for integrating socio-cultural criteria and novel visualisations into early design decision-making by jointly examining the specifics of current computational design systems for these purposes and the design criteria included in them. We will jointly specify the information and visualisation criteria for design exploration in urban building stock extensions and densifications by mapping current conflicts in architectural design and observing stakeholders’ negotiations in the design process. Based on the identified criteria and technical integration specifics determined by the co-design-based timber building system developed in the cluster, we will develop a visual analytics system and create various visualisation options for design exploration. By probing the jointly developed visualisation prototypes with different stakeholders and in early design scenarios for timber buildings in urban contexts, we plan to iteratively integrate novel visualisation approaches to open up the design space of the computational culture.


Prof. Dr. Cordula Kropp
Institute for Social Sciences (SOWI), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Achim Menges
Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Daniel Weiskopf
Visualization Research Center (VISUS), University of Stuttgart


apl. Prof. Dr. Kathrin Braun (SOWI)
Dr. Yana Boeva (SOWI)
Seyda Oeney (VISUS)
Marco Paladines (SOWI)
Maria Papadimitraki (ICD)



  1. 2022

    1. Braun, K., Kropp, C., & Boeva, Y. (2022). From Digital Design to Data-Assets: Competing Visions, Policy Projects,and Emerging Arrangements of Value Creation in the Digital Transformation of Construction. HSR-Historical Social Research, 47(3), Article 3.
    2. Braun, K., Kropp, C., & Boeva, Y. (2022). Constructing platform capitalism: Inspecting the political techno-economy of building information modelling. Architectural Research Quarterly (Arq), 26(3), Article 3. 10.1017/S135913552200046X
    3. Mast, H. S. (2022). Conflicting sociotechnical imaginaries of the future built environment: An analysis of current discourses on timber construction in France and Germany. GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, 31(3), Article 3.
    4. Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., Orozco, L., & Menges, A. (2022). Advanced Timber Construction Industry: A Review of 350 Multi-Storey Timber Projects from 2000–2021. Buildings, 12(4), Article 4.
  2. 2021

    1. Noel, V., Boeva, Y., & Dortdivangliou, H. (2021). The question of access: Toward an equitable future of computational design. International Journal of Architectural Computing.


  1. 2022

    1. Boeva, Y. (2022). Timber Takes Command: Digitaler Holzbau als urbaner Datenkapitalismus. manege für architektur, 2, 18–22.
    2. Boeva, Y., Wortmann, T., Kropp, C., & Menges, A. (2022). Architectural Computing and Design Optimization for Healthful Ecotopian Built Environments? In M. Kanaani (Ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ecological Design Thinking (pp. 367--379). Routledge.
    3. Braun, K., Kropp, C., & Boeva, Y. (2022). Constructing platform capitalism: inspecting the political techno-economy of Building Information Modelling. Arq: Architectural Research Quarterly, 26(3), Article 3. 10.1017/S135913552200046X
    4. Kropp, C., Braun, K., & Boeva, Y. (2022). Echo Chambers of Urban Design: Platformisation in Architecture and Planning. In A. Strüver & S. Bauriedl (Eds.), Platformization of Urban Life. Towards a Technocapitalist Transformation of European Cities (pp. 239–257). transcript.
  2. 2021

    1. In digitaler Gesellschaft. Neukonfigurationen zwischen Robotern, Algorithmen und Usern. (2021). In K. Braun & C. Kropp (Eds.), Politik in der digitalen Gesellschaft. transcript.
    2. Braun, K., & Kropp, C. (2021). Schöne neue Bauwelt? Versprechen, Visionen und Wege des digitalen Planens und Bauens. In K. Braun & C. Kropp (Eds.), In digitaler Gesellschaft. Neukonfigurationen zwischen Robotern, Algorithmen und Usern (pp. 135–165). transcript.
    3. Kropp, C. (2021). Künstliche Intelligenz. Universaler Alleskönner oder digitales „Weiter so“? Informationen zur Raumentwicklung IzR, 2021(3), Article 3.
    4. Kropp, C., & Boeva, Y. (2021). Die Übersetzung des Bauwissens und ihre versteckten Konflikte. In B. Blättel-Mink (Ed.), Gesellschaft unter Spannung. Verhandlungen des 40. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie 2020.
    5. Kropp, C., Ley, A., Ufer, U., & Ottenburger, S. (2021). Making intelligent cities in Europe climate-neutral. About the necessity to integrate technical and socio-cultural innovations. TATuP Zeitschrift Für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie Und Praxis, 30(1), Article 1.
    6. Mast, H. S., & Kropp, C. (2021). Bauen mit Holz als Lösung aller Probleme? Was Zukunftsdiskurse, wie die Vorstellungen zum Seriellen oder Frugalen Holzbau, über Ziel- und Nutzungskonflikte verraten. Holz-Zentralblatt, 147(35), Article 35.


  1. 2022

    1. Orozco, L., Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., & Menges, A. (2022). Stakeholders in Multi-storey Timber Data: 540 Design and Construction Players of 300 Mass-Timber Projects from 2000-2021. DaRUS.
    2. Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., & Menges, A. (2022). Multi-storey Timber Buildings Data: Architectural and Structural Data on 350 Mass-Timber Projects from 2000-2021.


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