Computational Design for Fibre Composite Building Systems

Research Project 12-1 (RP 12-1)

COMPUTATIONAL CO-DESIGN FOR FIBRE COMPOSITE BUILDING  SYSTEMS INCLUDING VISUAL ANALYTICS AND SIMULATION INTERFACES

Coreless winding of lightweight fibre composite systems enables highly differentiated placement of high-performance, load-bearing materials and creates new solution spaces for the design and construction of lightweight fibrous structures.

In the early design phases of such large-scale, coreless-wound fibre composite building systems, considerable effort is required to develop project-specific solutions due to the high complexity of interdependent parameters of design, construction and manufacturing demands. In addition, the need for physical prototypes and digital-physical iteration loops increases the workload and reduces the depth of exploration. While several project-based computational solutions and tools have been developed, they have been case-specific and have made many assumptions to simplify the implementation and ensure computational tractability. Therefore, they cannot be directly applied to general cases where the typology of the fibre network is not fully known in advance, or where the topology of fibre-fibre contact points cannot be predicted in advance. This reduces the design space to relatively simple typologies, limited to the intuition and experience of the designer.

In order to handle the multiple interrelationships within a multidisciplinary design and construction process, we aim to develop a framework of general design methods to make large fibre-based systems conceivable and to extend the design space beyond structures based on experience and intuition, unlocking the full potential of coreless fibre winding. This framework will be supported by visual analysis tools, machine learning and optimisation.

 

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS

Prof. Achim Menges
Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Daniel Weiskopf
Visualization Research Center (VISUS), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Marc Toussaint
Machine Learning and Robotics Lab (IPVS-MLR), University of Stuttgart

TEAM

Moataz Abdelaal (VIS)
Rebeca Duque (ICD)
Valentin Noah Hartmann (IPVS-MLR)
Fabian Kannenberg (ICD)
Tobias Schwinn (ICD)
Nicolai Grünvogel (IBB)

 

PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

  1. 2024

    1. Chai, H., Orozco, L., Kannenberg, F., Siriwardena, L., Schwinn, T., Liu, H., Menges, A., & Yuan, P. F. (2024). Agent-Based Principal Strips Modeling for Freeform Surfaces in Architecture. Nexus Network Journal, 26(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-024-00765-0
    2. Abdelaal, M., Galuschka, M., Zorn, M., Kannenberg, F., Menges, A., Wortmann, T., Weiskopf, D., & Kurzhals, K. (2024). Visual analysis of fitness landscapes in architectural design optimization. The Visual Computer. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00371-024-03491-3
  2. 2023

    1. Zechmeister, C., Gil Pérez, M., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2023). Concurrent, computational design and modelling of structural, coreless-wound building components. Automation in Construction, 151(July), Article July. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2023.104889
    2. Zechmeister, C., Gil Pérez, M., Dambrosio, N., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2023). Extension of Computational Co-Design Methods for Modular, Prefabricated Composite Building Components Using Bio-Based Material Systems. Sustainability, 15(16), Article 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/su151612189
    3. Schlopschnat, C., Pérez, M. G., Zechmeister, C., Estrada, R. D., Kannenberg, F., Rinderspacher, K., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2023). Co-Design of Fibrous Walls for Multi-Story Buildings. In K. Dörfler, J. Knippers, A. Menges, S. Parascho, H. Pottmann, & T. Wortmann (Eds.), Advances in Architectural Geometry 2023 (pp. 235--248). De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111162683-018
    4. Orozco, L., Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., Wagner, H. J., Abdelaal, M., Amtsberg, F., Weiskopf, D., & Menges, A. (2023). Advanced Timber Construction Industry: A Quantitative Review of 646 Global Design and Construction Stakeholders. Buildings, 13(9), Article 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13092287
    5. Gil Pérez, M., Mindermann, P., Zechmeister, C., Forster, D., Guo, Y., Hügle, S., Kannenberg, F., Balangé, L., Schwieger, V., Middendorf, P., Bischoff, M., Menges, A., Gresser, G. T., & Knippers, J. (2023). Data processing, analysis, and evaluation methods for co-design of coreless filament-wound building systems. Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, 10(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.1093/jcde/qwad064
    6. Gil Pérez, M., & Knippers, J. (2023). Integrative Structural Design of Non-Standard Building Systems: Bridging the Gap between Research and Industry. Technology  Architecture + Design, 7:2, 244–260. https://doi.org/10.1080/24751448.2023.2246801
    7. Gil Pérez, M. (2023). Integrative structural design of non-standard building systems: coreless filament-wound structures as a case study (Vol. 49) [Dissertation, Institut für Tragkonstruktionen und Konstruktives Entwerfen, Universität Stuttgart]. https://doi.org/10.18419/opus-12879
    8. Forster, D., Kannenberg, F., von Scheven, M., Menges, A., & Bischoff, M. (2023). Design and Optimization of Beam and Truss Structures Using Alternative Performance Indicators Based on the Redundancy Matrix. In K. Dörfler, J. Knippers, A. Menges, S. Parascho, H. Pottmann, & T. Wortmann (Eds.), Advances in Architectural Geometry 2023 (pp. 455--466). De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111162683-034
  3. 2022

    1. Richer, G., Pister, A., Abdelaal, M., Fekete, J.-D., Sedlmair, M., & Weiskopf, D. (2022). Scalability in Visualization. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2022.3231230
    2. Menges, A., & Wortmann, T. (2022). Synthesising Artificial Intelligence and Physical Performance. Architectural Design, 92(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.1002/ad.2819
    3. Menges, A., Kannenberg, F., & Zechmeister, C. (2022). Computational co-design of fibrous architecture. Architectural Intelligence, 1(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s44223-022-00004-x
    4. Gil Pérez, M., Zechmeister, C., Menges, A., & Knippers, J. (2022). Coreless filament-wound structures: toward performative long-span and sustainable building systems. In S. Xue, J. Wu, & G. Sun (Eds.), Proceedings of IASS Annual Symposia 2022: Innovation, Sustainability and Legacy (Vol. 2022, pp. 3366–3376). International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS).
    5. Gil Pérez, M., Zechmeister, C., Kannenberg, F., Mindermann, P., Balangé, L., Guo, Y., Hügle, S., Gienger, A., Forster, D., Bischoff, M., Tarín, C., Middendorf, P., Schwieger, V., Gresser, G. T., Menges, A., & Knippers, J. (2022). Computational co-design framework for coreless wound fibre-polymer composite structures. Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, 9(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1093/jcde/qwab081
    6. Abdelaal, M., Schiele, N. D., Angerbauer, K., Kurzhals, K., Sedlmair, M., & Weiskopf, D. (2022). Comparative Evaluation of Bipartite, Node-Link, and Matrix-Based Network Representations. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2022.3209427
    7. Abdelaal, M., Amtsberg, F., Becher, M., Estrada, R. D., Kannenberg, F., Calepso, A. S., Wagner, H. J., Reina, G., Sedlmair, M., Menges, A., & Weiskopf, D. (2022). Visualization for Architecture, Engineering, and Construction: Shaping the Future of Our Built World. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 42(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1109/MCG.2022.3149837
  4. 2021

    1. Hägele, D., Abdelaal, M., Oguz, O. S., Toussaint, M., & Weiskopf, D. (2021). Visual analytics for nonlinear programming in robot motion planning. Journal of Visualization. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12650-021-00786-8
    2. Duque Estrada, R., Kannenberg, F., Wagner, H. J., Yablonina, M., & Menges, A. (2021). Integrative Design Methods for Spatial Winding. Advances in Architectural Geometry 2020, 286–305. https://thinkshell.fr/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/AAG2020_15_Duque.pdf
  5. 2020

    1. Hägele, D., Abdelaal, M., Oguz, O. S., Toussaint, M., & Weiskopf, D. (2020). Visualization of Nonlinear Programming for Robot Motion Planning. Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Visual Information Communication and Interaction. https://doi.org/10.1145/3430036.3430050
    2. Duque Estrada, R., Kannenberg, F., Wagner, H. J., Yablonina, M., & Menges, A. (2020). Spatial Winding: Cooperative Heterogeneous Multi-Robot System for Fibrous Structures. Construction Robotics, 4(3–4), Article 3–4. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41693-020-00036-7
    3. Abdelaal, M., Lhuillier, A., Hlawatsch, M., & Weiskopf, D. (2020). Time-Aligned Edge Plots for Dynamic Graph Visualization. 2020 24th International Conference Information Visualisation (IV). https://doi.org/10.1109/IV51561.2020.00048

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

  1. 2024

    1. Abdelaal, M., Galuschka, M., Zorn, M., Kannenberg, F., Menges, A., Wortmann, T., Weiskopf, D., & Kurzhals, K. (2024). Supplemental Materials for: Visual Analysis of Fitness Landscapes in Architectural Design Optimization. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-4164
    2. Abdelaal, M., Kannenberg, F., Lhuillier, A., Hlawatsch, M., Menges, A., & Weiskopf, D. (2024). Supplemental Materials for STEP: Sequence of Time-Aligned Edge Plots. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-4198
    3. Forster, D., von Scheven, M., & Bischoff, M. (2024). Alternative Beurteilung von Tragwerken mit Hilfe der Redundanzmatrix. In B. Oesterle, A. Bögle, W. Weber, & L. Striefler (Eds.), Berichte der Fachtagung Baustatik – Baupraxis 15, 04. und 05. März 2024, Hamburg (pp. 67--74). https://doi.org/10.15480/882.9247
  2. 2023

    1. Gil Pérez, M., Mindermann, P., Zechmeister, C., Forster, D., Guo, Y., Hügle, S., Kannenberg, F., Balangé, L., Schwieger, V., Middendorf, P., Bischoff, M., Menges, A., Gresser, G. T., & Knippers, J. (2023). Post-processed and normalized data sets for the data processing, analysis, and evaluation methods for co-design of coreless filament-wound structures. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3449
    2. Gil Pérez, M., Zechmeister, C., Kannenberg, F., Mindermann, P., Balangé, L., Guo, Y., Hügle, S., Gienger, A., Forster, D., Bischoff, M., Tarín, C., Middendorf, P., Schwieger, V., Gresser, G. T., Menges, A., & Knippers, J. (2023). Object model data sets of the case study specimens for the computational co-design framework for coreless wound fibre-polymer composite structures. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3375
    3. Schwinn, T., Groenewolt, A., Nguyen, L., Siriwardena, L., Alvarez, M., Reiner, A., Zorn, M. B., & Menges, A. (2023). ABxM.PlateStructures: Agent-based Architectural Design of Plate Structures. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3438
    4. Tkachuk, A., Krake, T., Gade, J., & Scheven, M. von. (2023). Matlab Implementation of Efficient Computation of Redundancy Matrices. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3347
  3. 2022

    1. Abdelaal, M., Schiele, N. D., Angerbauer, K., Kurzhals, K., Sedlmair, M., & Weiskopf, D. (2022). Supplemental Materials for: Comparative Evaluation of Bipartite, Node-Link, and Matrix-Based Network Representations. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/DARUS-3100
    2. Krake, T., & Scheven, M. von. (2022). Matlab Implementation of Efficient Updates of Redundancy Matrices. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-2870
    3. Nguyen, L., Schwinn, T., Groenewolt, A., Maierhofer, M., Zorn, M. B., Stieler, D., Siriwardena, L., Kannenberg, F., & Menges, A. (2022). ABxM.Core: The Core Libraries of the ABxM Framework. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-2994
    4. Orozco, L., Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., & Menges, A. (2022). Stakeholders in Multi-storey Timber Data: 540 Design and Construction Players of 300 Mass-Timber Projects from 2000-2021. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/DARUS-2740
    5. Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., & Menges, A. (2022). Multi-storey Timber Buildings Data: Architectural and Structural Data on 350 Mass-Timber Projects from 2000-2021. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-2733

DATA SETS

  1. 2024

    1. Abdelaal, M., Galuschka, M., Zorn, M., Kannenberg, F., Menges, A., Wortmann, T., Weiskopf, D., & Kurzhals, K. (2024). Supplemental Materials for: Visual Analysis of Fitness Landscapes in Architectural Design Optimization. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-4164
    2. Abdelaal, M., Kannenberg, F., Lhuillier, A., Hlawatsch, M., Menges, A., & Weiskopf, D. (2024). Supplemental Materials for STEP: Sequence of Time-Aligned Edge Plots. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-4198
  2. 2023

    1. Gil Pérez, M., Mindermann, P., Zechmeister, C., Forster, D., Guo, Y., Hügle, S., Kannenberg, F., Balangé, L., Schwieger, V., Middendorf, P., Bischoff, M., Menges, A., Gresser, G. T., & Knippers, J. (2023). Post-processed and normalized data sets for the data processing, analysis, and evaluation methods for co-design of coreless filament-wound structures. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3449
    2. Gil Pérez, M., Zechmeister, C., Kannenberg, F., Mindermann, P., Balangé, L., Guo, Y., Hügle, S., Gienger, A., Forster, D., Bischoff, M., Tarín, C., Middendorf, P., Schwieger, V., Gresser, G. T., Menges, A., & Knippers, J. (2023). Object model data sets of the case study specimens for the computational co-design framework for coreless wound fibre-polymer composite structures. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3375
    3. Schwinn, T., Groenewolt, A., Nguyen, L., Siriwardena, L., Alvarez, M., Reiner, A., Zorn, M. B., & Menges, A. (2023). ABxM.PlateStructures: Agent-based Architectural Design of Plate Structures. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3438
    4. Tkachuk, A., Krake, T., Gade, J., & Scheven, M. von. (2023). Matlab Implementation of Efficient Computation of Redundancy Matrices. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-3347
  3. 2022

    1. Abdelaal, M., Schiele, N. D., Angerbauer, K., Kurzhals, K., Sedlmair, M., & Weiskopf, D. (2022). Supplemental Materials for: Comparative Evaluation of Bipartite, Node-Link, and Matrix-Based Network Representations. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/DARUS-3100
    2. Krake, T., & Scheven, M. von. (2022). Matlab Implementation of Efficient Updates of Redundancy Matrices. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-2870
    3. Nguyen, L., Schwinn, T., Groenewolt, A., Maierhofer, M., Zorn, M. B., Stieler, D., Siriwardena, L., Kannenberg, F., & Menges, A. (2022). ABxM.Core: The Core Libraries of the ABxM Framework. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-2994
    4. Orozco, L., Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., & Menges, A. (2022). Stakeholders in Multi-storey Timber Data: 540 Design and Construction Players of 300 Mass-Timber Projects from 2000-2021. DaRUS. https://doi.org/10.18419/DARUS-2740
    5. Svatoš-Ražnjević, H., & Menges, A. (2022). Multi-storey Timber Buildings Data: Architectural and Structural Data on 350 Mass-Timber Projects from 2000-2021. https://doi.org/10.18419/darus-2733

    

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