BUILDING SYSTEM AND MATERIAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT FOR LONG-SPAN, FIBRE COMPOSITE STRUCTURE
The project aim is to develop coreless wound fibre composite building systems with improved overall performance and reliability. The four main challenges of a coreless wound fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) building system are: joint design, understanding the structural system, environmental impact and the integration into an architectural concept.
Higher stresses can accumulate at the joints, which makes the connections one of the key challenges in the structural system. They must be addressed in order to improve the overall performance and efficiency of the system. In the structural design phase of coreless wound filament structures (CFW) significant abstractions are made that can lead to a more conservative understanding of the system. The only way to improve the overall understanding of the structural system is to do real world measurements. To achieve this over the lifetime of a structure, a structural health monitoring (SHM) system will be included in the FRP components. The environmental footprint of the material is another challenge. This project will address possible, sustainable material alternatives to the carbon-/glass fibre epoxy material systems.
For a holistic assessment of these challenges, they need to be architecturally integrated within the overall building system. Therefore, this project aims to develop integrated joining, sensing and material strategies.
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jan Knippers
Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Achim Menges
Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Götz T. Gresser
Institute for Textile and Fiber Technologies (ITFT), University of Stuttgart
- Bodea, S., Dambrosio, N., Zechmeister, C., Gil-Perez, M., Koslowski, V., Rongen, B., Doerstelmann, M., Kyjanek, O., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2020). BUGA Fibre Pavilion: Towards Robotically-Fabricated Composite Building Structures. Fabricate 2020: Making Resilient Architecture, 234--243.
- Gil Pérez, M., Rongen, B., Koslowski, V., & Knippers, J. (n.d.). Structural design, optimization and detailing of the BUGA fibre pavilion. International Journal of Space Structures, 0(0), Article 0. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956059920961778
- Dambrosio, N., Zechmeister, C., Bodea, S., Koslowski, V., Gil Pérez, M., Rongen, B., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2019). Buga Fibre Pavilion: Towards an architectural application of novel fiber composite building systems. In K. Bieg, D. Briscoe, & C. Odom (Eds.), Acadia 2019: Ubiquity and Autonomy, proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture, Texas (pp. 140--149). Acadia Publishing Company.
- Zechmeister, C., Bodea, S., Dambrosio, N., & Menges, A. (2019). Design for Long-Span Core-Less Wound, Structural Composite Building Elements. Impact: Design With All Senses Proceedings of the Design Modelling Symposium 2019, 401--415. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29829-6 32
- Gil Pérez, M., Dambrosio, N., Rongen, B., Menges, A., & Knippers, J. (2019). Structural optimization of coreless filament wound components connection system through orientation of anchor points in the winding frames. In C. Lazaro, K.-U. Bletzinger, & E. Onate (Eds.), Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2019 – Structural Membranes 2019 Form and Force (Vol. 2019, pp. 1381--1388). International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS).