FREEFORM STRESS-ORIENTED TIMBER STRAND COMPOSITES FOR LIGHTWEIGHT SLAB APPLICATIONS
Since their introduction on the late 60’s, oriented timber strand composites (OSC) have been widely employed on the production of construction goods such as lumber and boards, where the high resource efficiency of strand production hass been the main driver for such products. Nevertheless, OSC have two relevant characteristics whose potential remains barely explored: their capacity of being formed into complex geometries and their suitability for tailored fibre architectures through CNC-controlled strand orientation. The access to doubly curved geometries, on one hand, enables a whole new repertoire of form-driven structural designs and the use of optimisation techniques (such as shape optimisation) that are currently out of reach for timber structures. At the same time, considering that strand orientation is a key performance factor for OSC, stress-tailored strand orientation allows for significant improvements on the mechanical performance of structural components, especially in those with complex geometries where the stresses follow complex trajectories.
The goal of this project is to explore and assess the potential of freeform stress-oriented timber strand composites for the realisation of high-performance and material efficient structural slab components. The methods and processes developed will be evaluated through the realization and evaluation of full-scale slab demonstrator.
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jan Knippers
Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Andreas Michanickl (TH Rosenheim), Strong by Form (Chile), Henkel (Switzerland), Berner Fachhochschule (Switzerland).