Reconfiguration of Training, Skills and Digital Literacy

Research Project 5 (RP 5)


This research project explores how human-machine interaction can be enhanced in cyber-physical technologies for construction and prefabrication, especially exoskeletons, augmented reality glasses and telehandler control systems, and what competencies construction workers need to bring to successfully implement the new digital and robotic possibilities in their field of work. Cyber-physical construction systems (CPCS) imply distinctive new challenges and requirements concerning the handling of shared control among humans, machines and information technologies. Therefore, we will explore the future requirements of these technologies in terms of training, skills and digital literacy.

We will research how human-machine interfaces can be technically optimized and how non-technical innovation barriers such as lack of relevant skills and qualification as well as resulting attitudes of distrust, reservations or refusal together with anxieties about possible loss of control can be addressed and overcome.

The goal is to enhance the acceptability of these technologies and thereby promote its adoption in society in general and on the shop-floor level. The aim of the project is to present a work scenario with a prototype exoskeleton/augmented reality usage (e.g., positioning, overhead assembly) in the demonstrator, the testing of which allows different degrees of human control, and to develop a conception of digital literacy under conditions of shared control for the future implementation of CPCS.



Prof. Dr. Thomas Bauernhansl
Institute of Industrial Manufacturing and Management (IFF), University of Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Cordula Kropp
Institute for Social Sciences (SOWI), University of Stuttgart


Prof. Onorific Dipl.-Ing. Jörg Siegert (IFF)
Dr. Urs Schneider (IFF/IPA)
Dr. Nelson Enrique Bances Purizaca (IFF)
PhD Yana Boeva (SOWI)
Braulio Jesús García Ayala (IFF)
Ann-Kathrin Wortmeier (SOWI)



  1. 2021

    1. Weiss, A., Wortmeier, A.-K., & Kubicek, B. (2021). Cobots in Industry 4.0: A Roadmap for Future Practice Studies on Human-Robot Collaboration. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 51(4), 335–345.
    2. Wortmeier, A.-K., & Kropp, C. (2021). AR-Brillen und Exoskelette in der Baubranche: Einfache Entlastungsversprechen gegenüber komplexen Mensch-Maschine-Konfigurationen. AIS studies, 14(1), Article 1.
  2. 2020

    1. Bances, E., Karol, A. M. A., & Schneider, U. (2020). LSTM and CNN Based IMU Sensor Fusion Approach for Human Pose Identification in Manual Handling Activities. Wearable Robotics: Challenges and Trends: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Wearable Robotics, WeRob2020, and of WearRAcon Europe 2020, October 13--16, 2020, 27, 461.


  1. 2022

    1. Bances, E. N., Wortmeier, A.-K., Bauernhansl, T., Garcia, B., Kropp, C., Schneider, U., & Siegert, J. (2022). Applicability of Exoskeletons in German Timber Prefabrication: Actions for Exoskeleton Research. Proceedia CIRP, 2022(107), 1210–1215.
  2. 2021

    1. Kropp, C., & Wortmeier, A.-K. (2021). Intelligente Systeme für das Bauwesen: überschätzt oder unterschätzt? In E. A. Hartmann (Ed.), Digitalisierung souverän gestalten. Innovative Impulse im Maschinenbau (pp. 98–118). Springer Vieweg.
  3. 2020

    1. Bances, E., Schneider, U., Siegert, J., & Bauernhansl, T. (2020). Exoskeletons Towards Industrie 4.0: Benefits and Challenges of the IoT Communication Architecture. Procedia Manufacturing, 42, 49--56.
    2. Tröster, M., Wagner, D., Müller-Graf, F., Maufroy, C., Schneider, U., & Bauernhansl, T. (2020). Biomechanical Model-Based Development of an Active Occupational Upper-Limb Exoskeleton to Support Healthcare Workers in the Surgery Waiting Room. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(14), 5140.


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