DEVELOPMENT OF FUNCTIONALLY GRADED MYCELIUM COMPOSITES FOR APPLICATION IN FACADE SYSTEMS
The aim of the Mycomodul project is to develop functionally graded materials from mycelium-based composites (MBCs) which will fulfil the requirements of building envelops. Grading should allow for the tailoring of the properties of the building components with regard to the external and internal conditions of the building.
Currently, this cannot be achieved with existing homogeneous mycelium-based composites. Thus the project investigates material compositions which would both be suitable for use in the fabrication process and offer sufficient performance properties for the produced façade panels.
The focus is on the possible applications in the construction industry. In a long time perspective, the Mycomodul façade components aim at proposing an alternative to today's façade composite products which consist of inorganic materials often irreversibly bonded to each other. This material complexity of facade systems reduces their economic and ecological recyclability and makes disposal more difficult. The functionally graded MBCs should unite in itself different functionalities and simultaneously preserve their recyclability potential by limiting their internal composition to different bio-based substrates and fungal mycelium.
To what extent a graded mycelial composite components can replace a current façade system, will be tested on a final demonstrator element in a 1:1 scale installed in a real building setting.
Prof. Martin Ostermann
Institute of Building Technology and Design (IBK), University of Stuttgart
Eliza Biala (IBK)
Andreas Schedler (IBK)
Simon Vogt (IBK)
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) – Ideenwettbewerb Biologisierung der Technik